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Jack: A navy slang for a young inexperienced sailor.
Jack in the breadroom: A ship's steward's assistant. (Navy slang)
Jack in the dust: A ship's steward's assistant. (Navy slang)
Jack Ketch: A hangman. (Slang, circa 1800)
Jackman: A mounted soldier.
Jack Nastyface: A slang term for an unpopular seaman. Circa 19th century.
Jackslave: A lowly servant.
Jacksmith: Someone who made lifting equipment or ancillary equipment.
Jack Tar: A nickname for a sailor.
Jacobin: A French Dominican monk, so named from their original establishment being at St Jacques.
Jag: A judge advocate.
Jager: A hunter (Dutch)
Jagger: (1) Someone in charge of a team of pack-horses which would carry coal or lead. (2) An itinerant pedlar who often sold fish.
Jakes Farmer: Someone whose job it is to clean out toilets; a scavenger.
Janitor: A doorkeeper or porter.
Japanner: A method of varnishing wood, metal or glass. Several coats of varnish are applied to the desired surface, the successive layers being heat-dried.
Jardinier: A gardener. (French)
Jarkman: A swindling beggar or someone who writes begging letters.
Jarvis: A hackney coachman.
Jaunty: Navy slang for a senior naval rating (normally a warrant officer or a chief petty officer) who is responsible for discipline and law enforcement aboard ship. A Master at Arms (M.A.)
Javelin Man: A member of a sheriff's retinue who would be armed with a pike who escorted the judges at assizes.
Javelor: Someone who makes and sells jewellery. A jeweller.
Jellyby: A philanthropist who cares only for distant people—from Mrs Jellyby in Bleak House.
Jemidar: A native officer in the Indian army of the rank of lieutenant. Could also refer to a police or customs officer.
Jerry builder: A person who builds flimsy houses cheaply and hastily-a speculative builder.
Jesuit: A member of the religious order the Society of Jesus, founded in 1534 by Ignatius Loyola.
Jigger: (1) Someone who attends the brake of a wagon in a pit or works the jig. (2) In a mine, the person who separates ore by means of a wire-bottomed sieve moved up and down in water.
Jiggerman: (1) Someone who makes pottery on a jigger. (2) Someone who resurfaces and sharpens large grindstones on a stone-dressing lathe.
Jim Crow: An archaic term for a negro person.
Jingler: A horse trader likely to attend country fairs.
Jobber: (1) Someone who performs odd jobs or piece work. (2) Someone who buys and sells-as a broke or middleman.
Jockey: Literally, Little John. (1) A man, (originally a boy) who rides a horse in a race. (2) A horse dealer. (3) Someone who takes an unfair advantage in business.
Joiner: A skilled carpenter. (In the USA a joiner is a finish carpenter)
Jointuress: A woman who has received property upon the death of her husband.
Jolly: A Royal Navy slang term for a Royal Marine.
Jongleur: A wandering minstrel, poet, or entertainer in medieval England and France.
Journalier: A day labourer.
Journeyman: (1) A general term for a person who carries out his trade by travelling the country or working away from home. (2) Someone who works by the day. (3) Any hired workman.
Jowter: A fish-hawker.
Judiciary: Collectively a judge-pertaining to the courts of law.
Juge: A judge in France.
Juggler: (1) Originally a joker or jester. (2) Someone who performs tricks by sleight of hand.
Jumper: A house robber who gained access through the windows. (circa 1800)
Junker: A young German noble or squire.
Jurat: A sworn officer, as in a magistrate.
Jurisconsult: A lawyer. A jurist or someone who is consulted on the law.
Jurist: Someone who is versed in law. In particular civil law. This goes back to Roman times.
Juror: Someone who serves on a jury.
Justice of the Peace: A person appointed to judge over minor crimes. They were originally major landowners.
Juwelier: A Dutch jeweler.
Kaarsmaker: A candle maker. (Dutch)
Kaasman: A maker of cheese. (Dutch)
Kaichpeller: An attendant at a tennis court.
Kaimakam: A lieutenant colonel in the Turkish army.
Kapelaan: A curate. (Dutch)
Kapellmeister: The director of an orchestra or choir.
Kapper: A hairdresser. (Dutch)
Karaite: A member of one of a stricter sect of Jews who cling to the literal interpretation of Scripture as against oral tradition.
Karreman: A cartman. (Dutch)
Kassier: A cashier (Dutch)
Kasteleijn: A Dutch inn-keeper.
Katoenspinner: A spinner of cotton. (Dutch)
Kavass: An armed attendant or body guard in Turkey.
Keeker: A pit worker who would inspect the hewers and wailers etc.
Keel Bully: Someone employed to load and unload coal from ships. (circa 1800)
Keeler: Someone who works on a keel or a barge.
Keelman: Someone who works on a keel or a barge. For example The Keelmen on the Tyne & Wear river were a group of men who worked on the keels, the large boats that carried the coal from the banks of both rivers to the waiting collier ships. Because of the shallowness of both rivers, it was difficult for ships of any great draught to move up river and load with coal from the place where the coal reached the riverside. They needed the shallow-draught keels to transport the coal to the waiting ships. The Keelmen formed a close-knit and colourful community on both rivers until their eventual demise late in the nineteenth century.
Keeper: An attendant, a guard, or a warden.
Keeper(s) of the Great Wardrobe: The person involved with running the clothing and textile requirements of the Royal Family. The position was abolished in 1782. There was also a Deputy Master of the Great Wardrobe.
Keeper of the Jewel House: This person has the responsibility of the day to running of the Tower of London, with the role being combined in 1967 with the Resident Governor of the Tower of London. The new title being Resident Governor of the Tower of London and Keeper of the Jewel House. The Jewel House and control room occupy the whole ground floor of the Waterloo Barracks. The security of the Tower of London as a whole is entrusted to the Tower Guard, which is provided by the whichever unit is charged with providing the Queen's Guard at Buckingham Palace at the time. The Guard has been based in Waterloo Barracks since 1845. The Yeomen Warders of the Tower of London also provide security, though their day-time role is more concerned with the management of the large number of visitors to the Tower of London. Unlike the soldiers of the Tower Guard, who rotate, the Yeomen Warders are permanent, and live in the Tower of London.
Keeper of the Privy Purse: This is a financial position within the British Royal Household and is has the responsibility for the financial management of the Royal Household of the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. As such, a Treasurer. He is assisted by the Deputy Treasurer who has responsibility for the management of the civil list, and the royal palaces presentation fund. There is also a Deputy Keeper of the Privy Purse who looks after the semi-private concerns such as racing stables, Ascot Racecourse, the Royal stamp collection, and grace and favour accommodation etc. The position dates back to the 16th century.
Keeper of the Royal Archives: This is a position within the British Royal Household, with the holder having responsibility for all papers in the Royal Archives. The holder is normally a Private Secretary to the Monarch. Today it’s believed that files currently in use are kept at Buckingham Palace, whilst older ones are at the Round Tower and Norman Gateway at Windsor Castle. There is also an Assistant Keeper as well as a professional body under a Registrar (previously known as a Recorder) who assist.
Keeper of the Queen's Swans: This is an obsolete position within the British Royal Household, dating back to the 13th century. The Keeper who was supported by three swan herdsmen, had responsibility for the annual Swan-Upping (an annual count, which involved either ringing or marking the swans-usually by notching their beak) on the River Thames. The position was abolished in 1993, when it was replaced by two new positions, namely the Warden of the Swans and the Marker of the Swans.
Keilman: A dealer in keel-used in sheep marking.
Kelner: A Dutch waiter.
Kelp Farmer: Someone who collected seaweed either for manure of for the alkali it contained.
Kempster: Someone who combed wool in a linen factory.
Kern: An Irish foot soldier. (Also Kerne).
Kersey Worker: A maker of cheap coarse material.
Keukenmeid: A young Dutch kitchen maid.
Kiddier: A huckster or a cadger.
Killadar: The commandant of a fort or garrison.
Kilner: Someone working the kiln in a pottery.
King’s Bargemaster: This is a subordinate officer of the Royal Household who is responsible for the Royal Watermen, chosen from the ranks of the Thames Watermen, who operate tugs and launches on the river. The ceremonial duties include state occasions involving the Thames, and onshore duties, acting as footmen on royal carriages during State visits, royal weddings and jubilees. At a coronation the Royal Watermen walk in the procession behind The King’s Barge master. At the State Opening of Parliament The King’s Bargemaster and four Royal Watermen travel as boxmen on coaches.
King's Cooper: Each custom and excise house used to have an officer who would look after all the casks intended to be used for liquids. A ship would usually also have a cooper who would look after the casks.
King's Harbour Master: A Royal Navy officer appointed as a harbour master in a dockyard port under the 1865 Dockland Port Regulation act.
King's Letter Boys: Young boys who went to sea in the Royal Navy between 1676 and 1732 under instructions from King Charles II. They were paid £24 a year and were virtually guaranteed promotion to a commissioned rank after specified training and passing an examination for lieutenant. The last entry by this system was in 1732 but a similar one, as captain's servant, continued for some decades. (Source: The Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea)
King's Smith: Someone appointed by the court to work in metals.
King's Waiter: An 18th century customs official. Similar to a Tide Waiter.
Kirkmaster: A churchwarden.
Kirkwarden: A churchwarden.
Kitchener: Someone employed to work in the kitchen.
Kleedermaker: A Dutch tablecloth maker.
Kleermaker: A tailor. (Dutch)
Klompenmaker: A Dutch clog maker.
Knacker: A person in the trade of rendering animals that are unfit for human consumption, such as horses that can no longer work.
Knack Shop: A toy shop. (circa 1800)
Knapper: This involves the shaping of flint that may have been used in firearms. Early knappers would have used hammers made of wood or antler to shape stone tools.
Kneller: A journeyman chimney sweep.
Knife boy: A boy employed to clean the knives.
Knife grinder: Someone who grinds or sharpens knives.
Knight: Originally the soldiers who accompanied William the Conqueror.
Knight banneret: A knight who carried a banner, and who was superior in rank to the knight bachelor.
Knight errant: A knight who travelled in search of adventure.
Knight Marshal: This is an archaic position within the British Royal Household, going back to 1236, with the holder and his marshalmen having responsibility for maintaining order within the King's Court. The position was abolished in 1846, although six King's Marshalmen took part in the 1937 Coronation procession. There was a separate office of Knight Marischal in the Royal Household of Scotland, but although not technically abolished, the position has not been filled since 1863.
Knight of industry: A footpad or thief.
Knight of the carpet: A civil knight, as opposed to a military, so called because the knighthood was created kneeling on a carpet, not the field.
Knight of the pestle: An apothecary.
Knight of the rainbow: A footman.
Knight of the road: Originally a highwayman.
Knight of the sheers: A tailor.
Knight of the shire: A Member of Parliament who was elected to represent a county.
Knight of the whip: A coachman.
Knight service: Tenure by a knight on condition of military service.
Knights bachelor: The lowest degree of knighthood. Would have commanded a small band of retainers.
Knights of St Crispin: A shoemaker.
Knights of the spigot: A publican.
Knights of the stick: A compositor.
Knights of the whip: A coachman.
Knocker: This would have been someone who literally knocked on doors to purchase unwanted goods.
Knocker Upper: Someone who would rouse sleeping people so they could get to work on time. They would often have a long pole and would tap on the bedroom window. A modern day alarm clock. This would sometimes include lighting the gas street lamps and sometimes police constables would supplement their pay by performing the task during early morning patrols.
Knock maker: A maker of mallets that would have been used in the textile industry for beating linen etc.
Knocknobbler: A dog whipper. (A minor church official who kept stray dogs out of church yards.)
Knoller: A bell ringer.
Koekbakker: A Dutch confectioner.
Koetsier: A Dutch coachman.
Kok: A Dutch cook.
Koopman: A Dutch merchant.
Koperslager: A Dutch coppersmith.
Kroeghouder: A Dutch bar keeper.
Kuijper: A Dutch cooper.
Kunstschilder: A Dutch artist.
Laarzenmaker: A Dutch boot or shoe maker.
Laboratory Grader: This would usually be someone who would conduct quality control checks on finished jewellery and may have issued a certificate stating that the diamond or gemstone concerned meets a certain quality standard.
Labourer: A manual labourer, although in the census this normally indicates an agricultural labourer.
Lacemaker: Someone who made lace by hand. Lace-making thrived until the late 19th Century when machinery took over.
Lackey: A footman or a lowly servant.
Lacquerer: Someone who varnishes or covers something with lacquer.
Lad Jockey: A lad jockey is the person normally responsible for the care and training of horses. He or she would carry out the orders of a trainer and closely monitor the condition of equipment and horses for which they are responsible. Their main work is preparing horses for racing. Often a jockey's apprentices.
Lady of the Bedchamber: This is a position within the British Royal Household, going back to at least 1558 in the days of Queen Elizabeth I, with the holder having responsibility as a personal attendant to the British queen or princess. The position is traditionally held by a female member of a noble family, and still exists today.
Lady of the Gunroom: Originally a night-watchman in the gunroom of a warship, but subsequently taken to mean a marine who is responsible for the cleanliness and care of the gunroom.
Laineur: A seller of tea.
Lainier: A wool merchant.
Laird: In Scotland, a land owner or landlord.
Lairstaller: Normally a church official who prepared graves for burial within a church.
Lakerer: Someone who varnishes or covers something with lacquer.
Lamaneur: A harbour or river pilot. (French)
Lamiger: A cripple.
Lampiste: A lamp maker or lamp lighter. (French)
Lamp Keeper: Usually refers to a mine worker in charge of the miners lamps.
Lamplighter: Someone who lit and extinguished street lamps, especially gas ones.
Lampooner: A writer of lampoons. (A drinking song which often included slander or satire)
Lamp Trimmer: A naval term for the person responsible for the care of oil and candle lighting.
Lanaio: A wool merchant. (Italian)
Lanarius: A worker in wool. (Latin)
Lanceman: A soldier armed with a lance or pike.
Lancer: Normally used to describe a cavalry lancer who would carry a thrusting weapon with a long wooden shaft and a sharp metal head.
Landbouwer: A Dutch farmer.
Land Force: A military force serving on land, to be distinguished against a naval force.
Landgrave: A German earl, graf, or count.
Landgravine: The wife of a German earl.
Land louper: A vagabond or vagrant. (Also land loper).
Land Pilot: An archaic term for a military guide.
Land Pirate: A highwayman, (circa 1800) who makes a practice of swindling sailors in port.
Land Waiter: An 18th century customs official attending a vessel that is discharging a cargo which is liable for tax.
Landwehr: A military force in Germany or Austria forming an army reserve.
Laniarius: A Butcher. (Latin)
Laniator: A Butcher. (Latin)
Lanifex: A Weaver. (Latin)
Lanino: A wool manufacturer. (Italian)
Lanista: The owner of a Gladiator. (Latin)
Lanius: A Butcher. (Latin)
Lanternaio: A lantern maker. (Italian)
Lanyard-Man: A Royal Artillery soldier who pulled the lanyard to set off the earlier versions of a rocket launcher. The pulling of the lanyard ignited the propellant. These early rocket launchers were used in South Africa against the Zulu's in the 1870's, and were probably as dangerous to the people firing them as to the people they were aimed at. They were very unpredictable and whilst they sometimes burst in a shower of propellent they had no detonating warhead and were just as likely to explode anywhere in a spray of smoke and sparks. They may have been useful as an incendiary weapon, but little else.
Lapidarist: A cutter of stones, especially precious stones, or a dealer in precious stones.
Lapper: A textile worker involved in the finishing process of the cloth prior to packing.
Lapstraker: A boat builder who would use overlapping planks of wood as a means of construction.
Larbowliner: A navy term for men on the larboard (now called port to avoid confusion with starboard) watch of a ship.
Larron: A robber.
Lascar: A native East Indian sailor or camp-follower.
Lastmaker: This is shoe-making term for the skilled person who carved a wooden block, normally of maple, beech or hornbeam where the actual making of the shoe is built around. A shoemaker would have many lasts in different shapes and sizes. Today, bespoke shoemakers would keep lasts for individual people who regularly purchase shows from them.
Lastraiolo: A flag stone worker. (Italian)
Laterarius: A Brickmaker. (Latin)
Lath river: Someone who made wooden laths.
Lath splitter: Someone who made wooden laths.
Latiner: Someone who understands Latin or an interpreter.
Lattaio: A dairyman or milkman. (Italian)
Lattonaio: A tinsmith. (Italian)
Launder: Originally a washerwoman.
Launderess: A woman who takes in other people's clothes for washing and ironing.
Latitat: An attorney. (circa 1800)
Lattener: Someone who worked with lattener which is a yellow metal compound very similar to brass, and was used as a brass substitute, including in the brasses found in a church.
Lavapiatti: A dishwasher. (Italian)
Lavatrice di pavimenti: A washerwoman (Italian)
Lavender: A washerwoman. (From French, Laver-to wash)
Lawgiver: A legislator.
Lawyer: Someone who practices law.
Lay Brother: A monastic order. A man under vows of celibacy and obedience, who serves a monastery.
Layetier: A packing case box maker.
Lay lord: A civil lord of the Admiralty.
Layperson: A member of the laity.
Lay reader: A layman in the Anglican Church who receives authority to read the lessons or a part of the service, and who may in certain cases preach or read the sermons of others.
Leadsman: A seaman who would take depth soundings with a hand held lead and line.
Leatherseller: A tanner and seller of leather. There is still a Worshipful Company of Leathersellers' who were granted a Royal Charter in 1444 by King Henry VI, which was set up to control the sale of leather in the City of London. The finished hides were sold in markets throughout the City, notably in Leadenhall market.
Lector: (1) A reader, especially someone who reads lessons in a church service. (2) A lecturer, especially someone employed in a foreign university to teach in their native language. (3) An archaic occupation where a person would typically go into a factory or work place and read poems, poetry or news etc. to the workers.
Lecturer: (1) One who instructs, as in a professor. (2) A preacher working in a parish to assist the clergyman.
Leech: A Physician (Slang)
Leech Collector: Someone whose job it was to wade into bogs and marshes to collect leeches that were used in medicine to suck blood.
Leecher: Someone whose job it was to wade into bogs and marshes to collect leeches that were used in medicine to suck blood.
Leerlooijer: A Dutch tanner.
Legate: (1) A commander of an army. (2) An Envoy.
Legger: Someone who pretends to sell smuggled goods to a shop, but in reality they are damaged goods.
Legister: A lawyer.
Legnaio: A carpenter. (Italian)
Leiger: A resident ambassador. (Also leidger).
Leightonward: A gardener.
Lengthsman: Someone responsible for a stretch of road or railway.
Leno: A Pimp. (Latin)
Leraar: A Dutch teacher.
Letter Cutter: The person who makes the moulds that molten metal would be poured into for the making of type. See also Letter Founder and Type Founder.
Letter Founder: Someone involved with the making of printing type. See Type Founder.
Levatrice: A midwife.
Levite: A priest or parson.
Lexicographer: Someone who writes, edits or compiles a dictionary.
Liberty Man: A Royal Navy sailor who is on leave.
Libraio: A book seller. (Italian)
Librettist: A writer of librettos.
Licensed Fool: A jester within a Royal Court. The tradition of court jesters came to an abrupt end in Britain when Charles I was overthrown during the Civil War. There is a relatively recently formed National Guild of Jesters.
Licensed Victualler: A publican.
Licentiate: Someone who has a license or grant of permission to exercise a profession.
Lictor: An officer who attended Roman magistrates.
Liefdezuster: A Dutch Nun.
Lifeboatman: Someone who mans a shore based lifeboat.
Light Bob: A soldier of the light infantry. (circa 1800)
Lighterman: A worker on a cargo boat.
Lignager: A kinsman.
Likeurstoker: A Dutch distiller.
Lily White: A chimney sweep. (circa 1800)
Lime Burner: Someone who would burn chalk to get quicklime. Quicklime was needed in the making of mortar for the building industry.
Limner: A portrait painter.
Limnologist: Someone involved in the study of inland waters.
Limonadia: A French lemonade seller.
Limur: A wood finisher.
Linen Armourer: A tailor. (circa 1800)
Lint dresser: Someone who prepares raw flax.
Linguist: Someone skilled in languages.
Lintwerker: A Dutch linen weaver.
Lint wheel wright: In the textile industry this is someone who makes the spinning wheels for flax.
Lisseur: A polisher.
Listar: A dyer of cloth.
Lister: A dyer of cloth.
Lister Operator: Someone who worked a particular type of plough.
Lithographer: Originally someone skilled in the writing or engraving on stone before transferring to paper by printing.
Lithologist: Someone involved with the structure of rocks.
Little Clergyman: A young chimney sweep. (circa 1800)
Liturgiologist: A student of liturgies.
Live Lumber: A term used by sailors for a landsman aboard their ship. (circa 1800)
Liveryman: Someone who worked at a livery looking after the horses.
Lloyd's Agents: A representative who would protect an underwriter from fraud, negligence or mismanagement in the treatment of insured property.
Loader: A military term for a person who loads a gun or other firearm.
Lobbyist: A journalist etc. who frequents a lobby in the interest of some cause or of a newspaper. (Also a Lobby member)
Loblolley Boy: A surgeon's servant aboard a "man of war". (after loblolley, which is the gruel the sick receive)
Locandiere: An Inn keeper. (Italian)
Lock Keeper: Someone who worked the locks on a canal.
Lock Maker: A maker of simple metal, or sometimes more sophisticated brass padlocks.
Lockman: (1) A hangman. (2) An officer in the Isle of Man who acts as a kind of under-sheriff to the governor.
Lodesman: A marine pilot.
Logementhoulder: A Dutch inn-keeper.
Longshoreman: A dock worker who loads and unloads ships. A stevedore.
Look Out: Someone posted on a ship to keep a continuous look out and to subsequently report anything sighted.
Loom Sweeper: A cleaner of waste material from under weaving looms in a mill. Often a child who had to crawl under the loom whilst it was still operating.
Looper: (1) Someone who makes loops-for instance in the textile industry. (2) Someone who fitted yarn onto knitting machines.
Lord Advocate: The chief Scottish law officer. Created by King James III in 1480.
Lord Chamberlain of the Household: This is a position within the British Royal Household, going back to the Middle Ages. This is the most senior position in the Royal Household, and oversees its business. The holder is usually a peer. It also chairs Heads of Department meetings, and advises in the appointment of senior Household officials. They also undertake ceremonial duties and serve as the channel of communication between the Sovereign and the House of Lords. The Office of the Lord Chamberlain is responsible for organizing ceremonial activities including state visits, investitures, garden parties, the State Opening of Parliament, weddings and funerals.
Lord Clerk Register: This is a position within the Royal Household in Scotland and goes back to the 13th century. This is the longest surviving Great Officers of State in Scotland, and the role was of the chief clerk in the kingdom. The holder formerly had charge of public registers and records, but the position is now largely ceremonial.
Lord Great Chamberlain: One of the Great Officers of State, the Lord Great Chamberlain is responsible for Royal affairs in the Palace of Westminster. On ceremonial occasions, such as the State Opening of Parliament, the Lord Great Chamberlain and the Earl Marshal are responsible for meeting the Monarch when they arrive at Parliament, and ensuring their well-being while in Parliament. King Edward VII agreed that the post should be held in turn for the duration of a reign. The title is hereditary. After constant disputes, the House of Lords decided in 1902 that the office was jointly vested in the families of the Marquessate of Cholmondeley, the Earldom of Ancaster and the Marquessate of Lincolnshire.
Lord High Steward: One of the great officers of state, and historically the first officer of the crown in England. The office has generally remained vacant since 1421, except at coronations, when the Lord High Steward bears the St. Edward's Crown, and during the trials of peers in the House of Lords. (Trials were abolished in 1948) Although initially the position was largely an honorary one, over the years it grew in importance until its holder became one of the most powerful men of the kingdom. From the late 12th century, the office was considered to be linked with the Earldom of Leicester. When the House of Lancaster ascended the throne in 1399, Henry IV made his second son, Thomas of Lancaster, Duke of Clarence, Lord High Steward. He held the post until his death in 1421. Not to be confused with Lord Steward, or Lord Steward of the Household.
Lord-in-Waiting: This is a position within the British Royal Household who is also member of the House of Lords. There are two kinds of Lords in Waiting: political appointees by the Government of the day who serve as Government whips in the House of Lords; and non-political appointments by the Monarch, as reward for retiring courtiers, who sit as cross-benchers. These days the responsibilities tend to be nominal, although they are occasionally required to meet visiting political and state leaders on visits to the United Kingdom.
Lord Lieutenant: Someone appointed by the Crown whose main responsibility involved controlling the county militia. He was eventually to replace the sheriff.
Lord Lyon King of Arms: This is a position within the Royal Household in Scotland and goes back to the 14th century. This is the most junior of the Great Officers of State in Scotland. The holder has responsibility for regulating heraldry in Scotland, issuing new grants of arms, and serving as the judge of the Court of the Lord Lyon, the oldest heraldic court in the world that is still in daily operation. The Lord Lyon is also one of the few people in Scotland officially permitted to fly the "Lion Rampant.”
Lord of the Bedchamber: This is a position within the British Royal Household. A Lord of the Bedchamber's duties consisted of assisting the King with his dressing, waiting on him when he ate in private, guarding access to him in his bedchamber and closet, and providing companionship. The offices were in the gift of The Crown and were originally sworn by Royal Warrant directed to the Lord Chamberlain. Previously known as Gentleman of the Bedchamber as well as Groom of the Stole.
Lord Steward: The Lord Steward has been one of the three Great Officers of the Household since medieval times. He receives a white staff as a mark of his office. From its Latin name (virga) is derived the phrase 'verge of the court', to describe the area over which the Lord Steward used to have civil and criminal jurisdiction. The Lord Steward is always a peer. As of May 2013 the Lord Steward is Sir James Hamilton, 5th Duke of Abercorn. In the past, the Lord Steward used to be in charge of the "below-stairs" officers and staff, supervising his department through the Board of Green Cloth. Since the 1920's however he has only been a titular head of the Master of the Household's Department, and the Board of Green Cloth disappeared in the reform of the local government licensing in 2004. (Also known as Lord Steward of the Household, but not to be confused with Lord High Steward)
Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports: This is now a ceremonial position, and probably dates back to at least the 12th century. At one time this was the most powerful appointment of the realm. Originally the duty was being in charge of the 5 cinque ports of Hastings, Romney, Hythe, Dover and Sandwich. Today the position is a honorary one, with the number of ports being increased to 14, with the addition of Tenterden, Lydd, Faversham, Folkestone, Deal, Ramsgate, Winchelsea, Margate & Rye.
Lorimer: A maker of bits, spurs, and the metal parts of a harness.
Loriner: A maker of bits, spurs, and the metal parts of a harness.
Lotesman: A marine pilot.
Loun: A young boy.
Lowerer: (1) A mining term for someone who lowers the coal wagons down an incline. (2) A sailor stationed to lower a boat at the davits.
Low Gagger: Someone who tries to get money under the pretext of claiming hardship.
Low Pad: A footpad. (thief)
Ludimagister: A Schoolmaster or Teacher. (Latin)
Lully Prigger: Someone who stole clothes off a washing line in Victorian times. A Prigger alone, is a horse thief.
Lumper: (1) A person contracted to load or unload a ship. (2) A man employed to take a ship from one port to another, who would be paid a "lump sum" upon completion. (3) Thieves who frequent a dock area.
Lunetier: An optician.
Lush Toucher: A robber who looks for drunken people to steal from.
Luthier: Someone who makes or repairs lutes and other string instruments. (French)
Lutteur: A French wrestler.
Lymemaker: A worker in lime that would either have been used in agriculture or in paint.
Lymeman: A worker in lime that would either have been used in agriculture or in paint.